The artist Gunter Demnig remembers the victims of National Socialism by installing commemorative brass plaques in the pavement in front of their last address of choice.
There are now STOLPERSTEINE (lit. “stumbling stones or blocks”) in at least 1200 places in Germany, as well as in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and Ukraine.
Gunter Demnig cites the Talmud saying that "a person is only forgotten when his or her name is forgotten". The Stolpersteine in front of the buildings bring back to memory the people who once lived here. Almost every “stone” begins with HERE LIVED… One “stone”. One name. One person.
In Germany, it costs 120 euros (incl. VAT) to install a STOLPERSTEIN. This includes the making of the stone and its placement or delivery if applicable, as well as its recording in our database. It does not include accommodation costs which might be incurred (especially abroad) nor does it always cover travel costs. From January 2020 onwards, we will be including a surcharge of 10 percent on STOLPERSTEINE placed outside of Germany (see statement). Please see "Technical aspects" for more information.